LUXEMBOURG – EU Environment of the 28 countries of Ministers on Monday launched discussions on the distribution of effort between Member States to reduce gas emissions by 2030 greenhouse, revealing differences of views .
The Europeans have thus begun the journey towards effective implementation of their commitments under the Paris climate agreement, ratified in early October, a decrease of 40% in greenhouse gases involved in global warming (CO2, but also methane, nitrous oxide, etc …) by 2030.
Monday’s discussion, at a meeting in Luxembourg have revealed differences on the proposals of the European Commission made in July for the sector beyond the carbon market, including transportation, construction and agriculture.
It says in the “off-ETS” (acronym of the exchange of emission quotas), “diffuse” and “costly” in its effort to reduce according to a European diplomat, should reduce by a third its emissions by 2005.
The French Minister of the Environment Ségolène Royal, President of the COP21, has still expressed optimism. “A number of countries have changed” and adopted a “positive attitude”, she stressed, calling enjoy a highly favorable environmental legislation context.
She even expressed the wish to see the discussions to be finalized before the end of the year.
“I have doubts, after today’s debate (the fact) that is already so advanced. The differences in the assessment of the Commission proposal are quite large”, has tempered his side Secretary of State for the Environment German Jochen Flasbarth.
“It was the first opportunity to know what are the positions of Member States. And they vary,” acknowledged at a news conference on Slovak Solymos Laszlo, whose country holds the rotating chair of the EU Council.
For the first time, the EU executive proposes in a paper presented in July, to draw on all Member States requesting efforts from 0 to 40% off, abandoning the idea of allowing some of increase their emissions under economic catch-up pretext.
The Baltic countries (who is asked an effort from -6% to -13%), Romania (-2%), Croatia (-7%) and Poland (-7%) complained that the calculations the Commission, taking as a basis the 2005 emissions, do not take into account changes by 2020.
“The negotiations will be tense because everyone has very strong interests,” predicted the Danish Minister for Climate Lilleholt Lars Christian.
For example, Luxembourg and Slovenia, two intersections countries experience high CO2 emission rate from transport. Italy and Malta argued their side that is better taken into account the agricultural sector. Forest countries such as Finland or Poland wished their “carbon sinks” are better taken into account.