The Syrian army is about to extend its control over all the districts of Damascus, after six years of bloody conflict that has inflicted considerable damage on the outskirts of the capital areas and caused the displacement of a large movement.
The opposition factions have suffered in recent days after the evacuation of its fighters from the neighborhoods of Barzeh and Qaboun and October, which saw the first protest movements against the regime in 2011 and has become since 2012 the most prominent strongholds in Damascus, a major field loss added to the field failures series.
It announced a Syrian military source on Monday, 15 May 2017, according to official media transfer that “units of our armed forces restore security and safety to the Kaboun area and its environs” to coincide with the second and final installment of civilians and fighters from the neighborhood towards Idlib output (northwest).
The television quoted the governor of Damascus Bishr Sabban that “Kaboun region has become completely free of terrorists,” the day after the announcement out of more than 2,200 people between civilians and combatants on Sunday.
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights director Rami Abdel-Rahman “with his control over these three neighborhoods, the system is controlled almost the entire capital. Left factions in the east of Damascus, only part of the Jobar neighborhood devastated mostly.”
In the south of the capital, the opposition factions exist in the solidarity camp of Yarmouk neighborhood of Palestinian refugees who controls the organization Daesh on parts of it.
He says French researcher specializing in Syrian geography Fabrice Balance “regained the system of Aleppo, on his way to control Damascus completely, which means that the opposition factions are no longer politically or militarily,” the regime that “no longer threatened at all alternative and does not need to make any concessions”.
Has long formed to control the whole of Damascus is vital for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s authority.
On July 15, 2012, managed thousands of opposition fighters from factions control over several districts of the Syrian capital as part of a “Damascus volcano.” However, the government forces managed to regain control of these neighborhoods after two weeks.
Recently, he managed factions fighting most notably the front Fatah al-Sham (formerly Victory Front) on March 19 / March to launch a surprise attack from Jobar neighborhood and was able to reach the Square Abbasids, where battles raged, before addressing the government with troops and forced them to withdraw.
Since the outbreak of the conflict in March / April 2011, Damascus has remained fairly untouched by the war and battles, and almost damage to them do not compare the size of destruction in other major cities of the war-style Aleppo-torn north and Homs (center).
Isolation of East Ghouta
Mohamed says Alloush, leader of the Army of Islam, a faction Islamic Trade has an influence on the outskirts of Damascus and its suburbs, “regime intimidating Russian sectarian Iranian alien to almost defenseless people,” adding that the recent evacuation of neighborhoods of Damascus “is not a victory for the regime. It is treachery and betrayal. The contrary agreement signed by the countries in Astana. “
Signed Russia and Iran, and Turkey in support of the opposition, a memorandum in Astana on the fourth of this month, provides for the establishment of four “de-escalation” areas in Syria eight provinces where fighters factions exist, but they do not include Damascus.
Alloush is that “the regime is planning to swallow Jobar neighborhood in the next stage and then move to the eastern Ghouta”, which is a stronghold of the opposition factions in the Damascus countryside and surrounded by regime forces with its allies, particularly Hezbollah years ago.
Enables Hezbollah, which began fighting alongside Damascus in April / May 2013, the concentration in the Qalmoun border region with Lebanon, having cut off all supply routes from Lebanon to Damascus and East Ghouta.
Says Middle East research director at the University of Oklahoma, Joshua Landis, “by stopping the sources of supply of weapons and fighters and supplies from Lebanon, the regime and its allies were able to paralyze the capabilities of the opposition factions in Damascus.”
The researcher says a specialist in Syrian affairs, “Sanchura Foundation” Foundation Aaron Lund “The future looks very bleak in the long term,” especially that the three neighborhoods dominated by the regime in recent days in Damascus, “it includes tunnels used as supply roads to the eastern Ghouta.”
He explains that “the loss would weaken the regime factions and authorizes the acquisition of more means of pressure.”
It criticizes opposition factions reconciliation agreements entered into by the Syrian government and prepared as a “forced displacement”, but Damascus considers the best way to settle the dispute.
Government adviser for reconciliation, Ahmed Mohamed Mounir says, “These reconciliations. A turning point in the conflict”, confirming that it is “a great victory of the Syrian state at the national, military, social and regional level.”
Mohamed denies that the evacuation of thousands of residents and fighters from Damascus and its environs as a demographic change with evidence that “those who wish to settle and put it remained in his house. Those who came out and that was at his request.”
On the other hand, Alwash said that “the displacement of the Damascus neighborhoods of Barzeh and Qaboun process and says October after targeting hundreds of missiles. A crime against humanity.”