Donald Trump cancels the agreement reached at the end of 2014 between the United States and Cuba. The US president marks the break with his predecessor Barack Obama, and hardens the tone, denouncing a “brutal” regime in power in Havana.
If he maintains relations with Havana, he reinstated the sanctions. In reaction, Havana “denounced” these new restrictions while reaffirming its readiness to continue “dialogue”. President Trump made a severe indictment of the Castro regime before announcing that he was canceling the agreements signed by Barack Obama, which he said did not help the Cubans and only benefit the government, explains our correspondent In Washington, Jean-Louis Pourtet.
It strikes Cuba in the portfolio by limiting the possibility for Americans to go to the island whose tourism is the main resource: 300,000 have visited Cuba since the beginning of the year. Donald Trump does not want their dollars to go into the pockets of the military who own almost all the tourist infrastructure: hotels, marinas, rental agencies, and so on.
The US president also maintains the trade embargo imposed 50 years ago, and the majority of UN member states are calling for the lifting of the ban. Donald Trump, however, does not close the embassy, leaving the door open for a possible improvement in relations in the future.
The requirements of Donald Trump
The new measures, unpopular with the American business circles – the Chamber of Commerce and the farmers deplore them – will punish the Cubans more than the regime. Trump set a number of demands before negotiating a new agreement: the release of all political prisoners, legalization of non-Castro parties, free elections. ” Now that I am your president, America will denounce the crimes of the Castro regime and stand with the Cuban people in their struggle for freedom because we know that it is better for America to have a future with People from countries where they can achieve their own dream , “Donald Trump launched to a conquered audience.
A return to the rhetoric of the Cold War, on the pretext of acting for the good of the Cubans. Many in the United States have been surprised to see Trump suddenly focus on human rights, while he has not worried about it in the past, deploying the red carpet for dictators such as Egypt or Turkey.
Enthusiastic agreement in Miami, reserves
The cancellation of the agreement approved by Obama, signed by Donald Trump at the end of his speech was greeted with enthusiasm by the American-Cuban community of Miami.
But in general, the reactions were mostly negative, even on the part of some Republicans. Some 73% of the Americans were in favor of the rapprochement initiated by Barack Obama. Although Raul Castro has not loosened his grip, diplomats and analysts doubt that the US sanctions make him more liberal and fear instead that he turns to Moscow or Beijing.