More than two months after its evacuation, the wild camp of the north of Paris reappeared. Due to the lack of space in the shelter, refugees have to survive in disreputable conditions.
Seven o’clock in the morning, Porte de la Chapelle, in the north of Paris. Some fifty refugees are already silent waiting along the gate of the reception center, under the impassive gaze of the gendarmes. Eyes half closed, they doze standing while awaiting the opening of the humanitarian establishment. Every morning, in the queue, the lottery: the staff of the center selects and welcomes a handful of them according to the vacant places, then redirects them to more permanent shelters. But this Friday, the ebb, and flow of the center are suspended. “It’s been three days since nobody enters,” says Qusat, who sleeps on the road across the street. For the 24-year-old Sudanese, the same scenario has been repeated for weeks: every morning, He joined the grid with his group around 3 o’clock. Together, they merge into the already dense tail and wait for endless hours. Then, “around 8:30, the policemen approach and we disperse by spraying us with tear gas, ” breathes the young asylum seeker, who is worried about spending another night outside.
More than two months after its evacuation, the wild encampment of the door of the Chapel is reborn from its ashes. Waste, sleeping bags on the floor, clothes hanging on the low branches of the groves … Due to the lack of sufficient places in the shelters, the exiles again improvise summary installations on the parcels of clay that separate the tracks from the ring road. The living conditions there are deplorable. No toilets, no access to running water … “We live like animals!” Exclaims El Fatih Mohamed, under the dejected look of his Sudanese friends.
Canicular temperatures do not help the situation. Earlier this week, Kenté, a native of Guinea-Conakry, was hospitalized following a discomfort in the crowd. “I hope that in the center, they will take into account my headaches and find me a place,” confides the young man, who returned to La Chapelle as soon as he left the hospital. Faced with the health emergency, the Mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, sent a letter on Friday 16 June to the government. She pleads for the opening of new centers of first reception in the French regional metropolis, failing which “several thousand people would be forced to live in these unworthy conditions in the capital in the middle of summer”.
In response, Interior Minister Gerard Collomb only mentioned that no establishment will be opened in Calais, while ensuring that he will present within a fortnight a new “plan” to the President of the Republic, “To deal with the problem of asylum more easily than today”.
An hour passes at La Chapelle, nothing moves. Members of the Utopia 56 association join young migrants, who are beginning to lose patience. “For the past two weeks, we have seen only Afghans returning to the center,” says Qusat, who remembers “strong jostling” with them the previous days. Yann Manzi, the vice-president of the association, said the reactions were understandable because the method of seating is arbitrary. Worse, he favors according to him “the law of the strongest, instead of allowing people to enter with dignity”. Instead, the Association has already proposed to the mayor of Paris to organize individual appointments that would help to ease the congestion of the surroundings of the center. But each time,
“It’s dead guys”
Eritreans, Sudanese, Afghans, Central Africans … Aligned along the fence, they have already tried their luck in Germany, Italy or Norway before landing in the migratory chaos of La Chapelle. For some, an initial asylum application has been registered in one of these countries. But for want of a reply, they try their luck here. For others, the asylum application was rejected. Faced with the diversity of refugee profiles, the members of Utopia 56 are activated in the queue to illuminate the migrants on the procedures to follow. “These young people are in total administrative errors, ” explains Yann Manzi, who denounces the operation of the host institution, which has become a sorting center for him. “They are brought into this center, and when we see that they are” dubbed “, We send them back to our European neighbors. ” Because under the Dublin III regulation, every refugee must apply for asylum in the country where his fingerprints were registered. “It’s an aberration,” continues Yann Manzi. Border countries such as Italy and Greece can not accommodate all asylum seekers. ”
It’s 8:30. “It’s dead guys,” says the director of the association. They will not let anybody in today. ” Rumors circulate in the tail. In the dropper, the migrants slowly disperse and return to their sleeping bags, abandoned at dawn on the other side of the road. Hands clinging to the fence, three young Somalis persist. If they can not get a place today, it means they will have a new weekend on the street. “Maybe they’re bringing in this afternoon?” T. asks the other two, looking at the column of mobile gendarmes. “Better stay, you never know.”