End of the sale of diesel cars and gasoline in 2040, carbon neutrality in 2050, plan of insulation of buildings… The Minister of Ecological Transition presented on Thursday his roadmap, in line with the promises of Emmanuel Macron but that remains to be realized.
A component of the climate plan presented on Thursday morning by Nicolas Hulot caused a stir: the end of the sale of gasoline cars and diesel by 2040. This objective, the minister of ecology and solidarity Transition describes as “real revolution” well Which other countries have already fixed for 2030 (including India), was included in the program of Emmanuel Macron. Above all, concrete steps have not yet been taken to achieve this. Nicolas Hulot said: the climate plan “is not an end in itself”, but a “spine to which we can add vertebrae”, a “cap” to decline to implement over the five-year period. Rather a roadmap and confirmation of major directions.
Its goal was to “Accelerate the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement, which itself was not an end in itself.” Because national commitments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, Taken in Paris do not meet the objective of the agreement (containing warming “well below 2 ° C” or even 1.5 ° C) and must, therefore, be revised upwards, Hulot.
Among the major objectives presented on Thursday is that of making France a “carbon neutral” country by 2050. This is more ambitious than the current one (halving GHG emissions by 2050). Clearly, this will be the time to “balance man’s GHG emissions with the ability of ecosystems to absorb them”. Among the measures often announced, the “disappearance of heat sinks” in ten years (the 7 million buildings very poorly insulated and energy-intensive), a premium to modest households to help them get rid of their diesel vehicles before 1997 And petrol before 2001, the amount of which remains to be specified (the candidate Macron promised 1 000 euros). But also the end of the new licenses to exploit hydrocarbons or,
There remain two major absentees: nuclear energy and climate finance. Hulot contented himself with reaffirming the goal of 50% atom in the electric mix in 2025, already in the law, without saying how. And not a word about the tax on financial transactions, which could, however, finance climate action.