The UN Security Council on Saturday unanimously adopted a resolution significantly strengthening the sanctions imposed on North Korea, which, if respected, would deprive Pyongyang of a billion dollars in annual revenue.
A new response to the North Korean ballistic and nuclear programs, the text represents a certain success for the United States, which convinced its Chinese partners – the first supporter of Pyongyang – and Russia to strengthen international pressure against North Korea, accused of Be a “global threat”.
Resolution 2371 aims to ban revenues from North Korean exports, particularly in the coal, iron and fishing sectors.
This new resolution aims to push Pyongyang to the negotiation after its first firing of an intercontinental missile on 4 July, judging by the great powers threatening for global security. On 28 July, North Korea conducted a second similar missile.
It “sends a strong message to the North Korean regime,” said UN ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley.
After these tests, it is “more urgent than ever to put an end to North Korean nuclear and ballistic programs and to bring Pyongyang back to the negotiating table,” added his French counterpart, François Delattre.
“We must do everything we can to put pressure on this regime, put pressure on Kim Jong-un and those around him so that they can conclude that it is their interest to denuclearize,” HR said earlier McMaster, National Security Advisor to US President Donald Trump. The new sanctions are aimed at preventing North Korean exports of iron, iron ore, lead, lead ore, fish, and crustaceans. On the other hand, they do not a concern, as mentioned at the origin of the negotiations a month ago, the deliveries of petroleum products to North Korea.
The text “imposes a ban on entire sections of North Korean exports,” a diplomat said on condition of anonymity.
In the resolution, North Korea is accused of “massive diversion of its scarce resources” to continue to develop “nuclear weapons and several costly ballistic missile programs.”
‘Change the deal’
According to Washington, all new sanctions should lead to depriving North Korea of “a billion dollars of revenue” from its exports. Provided that the new measures are respected by all members of the United Nations. In total, North Korea’s exports bring home $ 3 billion annually.
The resolution also forbids any new joint ventures between foreign and North Korean companies and stops any additional investment in those already existing.
The adopted text also prohibits North Korea from increasing its quotas of workers abroad. North Korean vessels that violate UN resolutions are now threatened to be banned from ports in all countries.
Among the new measures related to the finance sector, the North Korean External Trade Bank has been added to a list of entities whose assets have been frozen since previous resolutions.
Since the first North Korean nuclear test in 2006, the United Nations has imposed six sanctions on North Korea, two of which are significantly more severe than last year, including measures affecting the North Korean economy.
According to François Delattre, the new sanctions imposed Saturday “are clearly of a nature to change the deal”. “They show the unity and determination of the Security Council,” he said.
The United States has been discussing with China since early July to impose severe new sanctions on North Korea.
On Saturday, the new South Korean Foreign Minister extended a hand to Pyongyang, saying he was ready for talks with his North Korean counterpart. “If there is an opportunity we will have to talk,” Kang Kyung-Wha told reporters on the sidelines of an ASEAN forum in Manila where the head of North Korean diplomacy is also expected, Ri Hong-Yo.
The first North Korean shooting of an intercontinental missile occurred on US National Day. The one carried out at the end of July had rekindled concerns about the ability of Pyongyang, holder of the nuclear bomb, to develop a craft capable of reaching the United States.