After a long day of waiting, the Kenyan electoral commission proclaimed Friday 11 August the outgoing president winner of the election on Tuesday. Uhuru Kenyatta won 54.27% of the vote against 44.74% to his main opponent Raila Odinga.
Uhuru Kenyatta was re-elected as head of Kenya for a five-year term. ” I want to declare Uhuru Kenyatta (…) elected president,” Wafula Chebukati, chairman of the electoral commission, said on Friday evening, while the results were expected at midday.
The official results of the second round give 54.27% of the votes to the outgoing president, against 44.74% to his rival Raila Odinga. The two candidates were applauded by the hall during the announcement ceremony of the results.
Uhuru Kenyatta declared President elect after attaining 8,203,290 (54.27%) votes
— IEBC (@IEBCKenya) August 11, 2017
I feel good and very happy! Five more years! A new mandate! The leader of the opposition can go fishing now.
“I reach out to you”
Uhuru Kenyatta hastened to reach out to the opposition at an address to the nation just after the announcement of his victory.
“To our brothers who have been valiant competitors, we are not enemies, we are all citizens of the same Republic. In a competition, there is always a winner and there is always a defeated, but we all belong to a great nation called Kenya. And I offer you a hand of friendship, a hand of cooperation, a hand of partnership, “he said.
This country needs all of us together to achieve success and Kenya needs our success, ” he said. The Kenyans want our success. And I want to say to my competitors, especially to the Honorable Raila Odinga, I extend my hand to you, to your supporters. We will work together, we will cooperate, we will grow together, we will develop this country together. And here we are ready to engage in dialogue, to discuss with you to build our nation together. ”
His rider William Ruto was also present. The two men got caught in the arms. A symbol for two men representing the two main ethnic groups that had clashed in 2007.
Uhuru Kenyatta also called for calm:
To my Kenyan comrades, as we have always said, elections come and go, but Kenya is there forever. And as I also said, during several meetings, we must always remember that we are brothers and sisters. Your neighbor remains your neighbor, let us be peaceful, let us reach out to each other, let us share. Violence is not necessary. We politicians are just passing by, but your neighbor remains your neighbor, regardless of ethnicity, religion or color. My call to all Kenyans: wherever you are, whether you are watching us on television or listening on the radio, please extend your hand to your neighbor, shake hands with him, Tell him that this election is over, whichever one you voted for,
Since the election on Tuesday, Raila Odinga’s coalition has denounced massive fraud. Shortly before the ceremony, NASA had once again denounced an ” electoral masquerade ” and claimed that it would not take part in the official announcement of the results.
Yet on Thursday, international observation missions were generally satisfied with the conduct of the elections.
For the time being, Raila Odinga did not speak.
Scenes of violence
As soon as the results were announced, violence broke out, but they seemed to be located inside the pro-opposition slums like Kibera in Nairobi. Our correspondent in Nairobi visited the site. The entrance was deserted, with even some Kenyatta supporters celebrating the victory, he said. An inhabitant evokes him, further inside, burnt tires, dams, and shots. According to our correspondent, we could still hear screams, a helicopter circled over the neighborhood, and riot police converged on the shantytown, but it was difficult to realize the extent of the scuffles.
In the town of Kisumu, in the west of the country, one of the strongholds of Raila Odinga, clashes erupted. Soon after the announcement of the results, our correspondent on the spot reported this time, we began to hear cries of anger and scrap metal sounds rising from the shantytown of Kondele, where skirmishes had already broken out on Wednesday ‘S announcement of the first results that gave Kenyatta the winner. On Friday night, flames could be seen in some parts of the shantytown. The GSU, the elite unit of the Kenyan police, deployed on the spot for two days, quickly intervened with tear gas. There were also shots.
Local media reported that violence had also broken out in other parts of the west of the country, in Siaya and Migori.
Ten years ago, the country had experienced the worst post-election violence in history, killing more than 1,000 people.
After two failed electoral processes in 2007 and 2013, the challenges were immense for the electoral commission, set up very late at the beginning of the year.
” I’m exhausted,” says Ezra Chiloba, the commission’s chief executive officer. We have come a long way. We wanted to organize an election like never before. And to show the Kenyans that it is possible to set up a modern and effective electoral system. For me, this vision has come true. It gives me a sense of pride. The Kenyans will be able to look at this process and say that they are able to organize elections well. For our country, it is also a moment to look to the future.
My team had a great capacity of resistance, he said. If we look at what has happened to our organization since 2013, we have had ups and downs, but my team has always stood. It was these people who led the elections, they were the ones who were in contact with the voters. More than 370,000 officers have been trained, prepared to serve our nation. And I really want to thank them. Our country will always be grateful to them for the service they have rendered. ”
Rwandan President Paul Kagame and his Ugandan counterpart quickly congratulated the winner on Twitter.
Congratulations my brother @UKenyatta for a successful election and the trust Kenyans have placed in you!
— Paul Kagame (@PaulKagame) August 11, 2017
The Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo also congratulated the Kenyan president. ” President Kenyatta and I share a common vision of peace, stability and economic growth for our two countries and the region. ”
The Kenyatta party would win the majority of the governor positions
On August 8, the Kenyans not only voted to elect their president. Since the decentralization adopted in the 2010 Constitution, they also choose their parliamentarians, members of local assemblies, and especially their governors. One for each of the 47 counties. An important post since these counties now receive at least 15% of state revenue. The posts of governors have also become stepping stones for the presidential elections. And according to the first results, the Jubilee, the party of the outgoing president, takes the majority of the seats.
25 out of 47 counties will have governors affiliated with the Jubilee Party. A situation reversed compared to 2013, where the opposition had a small majority. The party of President Uhuru Kenyatta is leading in its strongholds in central and won the northeastern counties considered “swing states”.
But above all, the capital Nairobi passes on the side of the governmental party with the victory of a controversial figure, Mike Sonko. A bling-bling character, who presents himself as the mouthpiece of the poor neighborhoods of the capital. Mike Sonko belongs to a minority tribe in Kenya, the Kambas. He was therefore not elected on the basis of his ethnicity. ” This is a sign of a real evolution of Kenyan politics,” says an analyst.
Another novelty, Kenya now has three female governors, a first. The opposition keeps the western counties, its fiefdom, and the Kenyan coast. A low score due to dissension within the opposition coalition. Its candidates have faced many independents.
For its part, the Jubilee also seems to secure a comfortable majority in Parliament. ” Never has a party dominated Kenyan politics,” said Murithi Mutiga, a researcher with the International Crisis Group. The opposition must, therefore, be united in order to make its voice heard within government institutions …