The Turkish president continues to threaten Iraqi Kurdistan with retaliatory measures after the referendum on self-determination on 25 September. Recep Tayyip Erdogan is personally in favor of Massoud Barzani, the Iraqi Kurdish leader, and promised in a speech on Saturday 30 September to ” pay the price “, at least economically.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan continues to raise the tone against Kurdistan in Iraq, failing to implement the threats of sanctions throughout the week. The Turkish president promises to hit Erbil at the purse, closing the border and the gates that allow him to export his oil via Turkish territory.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan believes he was deceived by Massoud Barzani, the president of the Iraqi Kurdish region, whom he had supported in Baghdad, according to him, with more than $ 1 billion in credits and receiving him honors in his palace in Ankara.
Hence this very hard speech of the Turkish head of state: ” We do not regret what we have done for them in the past. But since the conditions have changed, since the regional government of Northern Iraq that we have always supported has taken this initiative despite the advice of our country, then it will pay the price. ”
Recep Tayyip Erdogan has suggested that his country would not hesitate to intervene militarily with his neighbor, notably to defend the Turkmen of Kirkuk, the province included in the referendum, outside Kurdistan, but abandoned to the Kurds in 2014, offensive by Daech.
Warning signs of a regional blockade?
The threats have multiplied since September 25 and the victory of the yes to the independence in Iraqi Kurdistan. Baghdad supported by Turkey and Iran tries to isolate the independence region both militarily and economically. Measures that could have the capacity to stifle the population of the region.
Not a barrel of oil will cross the border between Kurdistan and Iran. It is a decision by Tehran that supports Baghdad in his opposition to the independence region.
Oil is the overwhelming majority of Iraqi Kurdistan’s income, which has not been receiving subsidies from Baghdad for several years. If part of the oil passed through Iran, the other was transported via the pipeline through Turkey. Ankara also claims that it will support Baghdad’s opposition to Erbil and will cut off this export path of black gold.
The main point of conflict between the Kurdish and Iraqi authorities is Kirkuk, the oil city is located in disputed territories and its oil is currently sold by the Kurds.
By allying itself with neighboring countries and by banning international flights, Baghdad seems to want to show the Kurdish authorities that they can not decide the future of their territories without the agreement of their central government.