Nigeria is addressing the 57th celebrations of its independence, being torn on the sensitive issue of preserving its unity. President Muhammadu Buhari is inflexible, for him, it is out of question to question this unit. Yet, the multiplication of internal foci of tension is pitching the federation. The Nigerian Head of State is expected to deliver a televised address on Sunday. How will Muhammadu Buhari address these tensions?
Muhammadu Buhari is going to speak to a nation introspective. Launched in June and then withdrawn a few weeks ago, the ultimatum against the presence of the Ibo community in the North left traces.
As a result, Hausa have been harassed in towns in eastern and southeastern Nigeria. All this is in addition to the clashes repeated in recent years between shepherds and farmers. And all these conflicts further complicate the coexistence between Muslims and Christians.
Riding on the 50th anniversary of the outbreak of the Nigerian civil war, Nnamdi Kanu and his secessionist movement are pursuing their claim for an independent Biafra. This position seems to be a minority in the sociocultural group Igbo. Nevertheless, the IPOB classification as a terrorist organization is still the subject of debate.
And the continuation of the trial of Nnamdi Kanu from 17 October could fuel a certain agitation, whereas the latter is missing by these relatives. An agitation almost unknown by the Niger Delta, where pirate attacks on petroleum installations have been reduced.
President Muhammadu Buhari could, therefore, rely on two points to praise the need for a united Nigerian federation: the economic recovery, following the return of peace from the oil region. And the dominance of the Nigerian army and its allies of the multinational joint force on Boko Haram.