The Catalan government affirmed on Sunday night that the “yes” to independence won with 90% of the votes, after the referendum of self-determination prohibited by the Spanish central power.
The separatist government of Catalonia affirms that the “yes” to the independence of this Spanish region represents 90% of the votes. The previous referendum of 2014 had given 80% of the votes in favor of independence, this result is not very surprising but it shows that the situation has become radicalized in Catalonia.
According to the spokesman of the Catalan government, some 2.26 million people voted, of which 2.02 million voted. 176,000 people voted for the “no” vote on 5.5 million Catalans called to the polls. According to the accounts of the Catalan executive, the turnout would be 42.3%.
The attitude of the central state, which has used force to remove the ballot boxes and prevent people from voting, is likely to have a role in this outcome. Armed evacuations and closures of polling stations, policing charges, confiscation of the ballot boxes, the clashes have caused more than 800 wounded according to the regional government.
The referendum, banned by the Constitutional Court, has been boycotted by all parties opposing independence. The voters had to answer the question ” do you want Catalonia to become an independent state in the form of a republic? “.
Towards a declaration of unilateral independence?
Earlier in the evening, the head of the Catalan government paved the way for a proclamation of independence in a televised address: ” In this day of hope and suffering, Catalan citizens have won the right to self- to have an independent State in the form of a Republic … My Government will, in the days to come, transmit the results of today’s ballot to Parliament, which guarantees the sovereignty of our people so that it can act in accordance with the Referendum Act “. Independence should then be proclaimed unilaterally.
Whatever happens, the consequences will be very serious according to Benoît Pellistrandi, professor, and historian, specialist of contemporary Spain. “In the medium term, it is clear that there is no political dialogue at this time between the Catalan authorities and the Spanish authorities. ”
“In the very short term there is a logic of flight ahead and it is very likely that in the days to come there will be a form of unilateral declaration of independence that will necessarily lead to an extremely serious but constitutional decision which will be the suspension of the autonomy of Catalonia. ”
For the researcher, it is neither more nor less than “the biggest crisis that Democratic Spain has ever had to cross “. And the stakes are considerable for the Spanish State. “Repairing this constitutional Spain with such damage will be extremely difficult, especially as the Spanish political class is not up to the gravity of the stakes.“