Catalonia is experiencing hours of extreme uncertainty. Its separatist president Carles Puigdemont still threatens to proclaim independence on Tuesday 10 October, at the risk of aggravating the worst political crisis that has affected the country since the restoration of democracy in Spain.
All eyes are turned towards him. Will Carles Puigdemont declare the independence of Catalonia on Tuesday 10 October? Everything leads us to believe, even if the separatist president of this region of Spain had so far played the watch demanding an ” international mediation “.
Indeed, his demands have not been echoed either by the government, which refuses to be treated as an equal with Mr. Puigdemont or with the European bodies, in solidarity with Madrid. He could, therefore, choose to declare independence in a ” symbolic ” way, with a delayed implementation, so as not to lose face and leave room for dialogue.
Mariano Rajoy stays firm
The enormous demonstration in favor of the unity of Spain, which gathered around 500,000 people in the streets of Barcelona on Sunday, gave a strong argument to those who are opposed to secession. Never had such a march taken place in the Catalan capital to claim the unity of Spain. This event gives the head of the government Mariano Rajoy a strong argument to be firmer than ever. The central power has repeatedly said that if Carles Puigdemont engages in a unilateral declaration of independence in the Parliament of Barcelona, Madrid will immediately apply Article 155 of the Constitution, which makes it possible to withdraw its autonomy from a region if, the unity of the country is at stake. ” If independence is proclaimed unilaterally, the government will not remain unanswered “, Besides threatening the vice-president of the Spanish government, Soraya Saenz de Santamaria.
However, it would be necessary to make again intervene the Spanish police which discredited the day of the referendum by ill-treating the population. The violence that marked the day of voting left traces even in the words of the vice-president of the government for whom the president of the Catalan government remains a “fanatic” who seeks to “precipitate Catalonia towards the abyss“.
Pressure is on the rise
The Catalan executive and Carles Puigdemont are under increasing pressure. Thus, Pedro Sanchez, the Spanish socialist leader, issued a desperate warning to Carles Puigdemont: ” Stop everything “. In the event of a unilateral declaration of independence, the Socialists will support the Spanish Government’s reply.
The influential mayor of Barcelona, Ada Colau, who often defended a legal referendum, also pronounced Monday against a unilateral declaration of independence of the Catalan government, calling for restraint and reflection not to fly the possibility of dialogue.
Finally, the tension is also felt on the business climate of Catalonia, the richest region of Spain. In the wake of the decisions taken by the banks Caixabank and Sabadell, the real estate group Inmobiliaria Colonial and the manager of motorways Abertis chose Monday to transfer their headquarters to Madrid.
But for now, nothing has changed Carles Puigdemont. Neither the hundreds of thousands of people who took to the streets of Barcelona this weekend nor the concerns expressed by economic circles in Catalonia and the rest of Spain.
There are young people here who say they no longer feel Spanish. They have a sense of independence more violent than us, more radical, more demanding.