Catalonia has officially declared its independence this Friday, October 27, shortly before the Spanish Senate vote the trusteeship of the region. European leaders show their support for Mariano Rajoy, as does the US State Department.
In Brussels, Paris, London, and Berlin, the declaration of independence of Catalonia promptly reacted. All reiterated their support for the central Spanish government of Mariano Rajoy. Donald Tusk, the President of the European Council, said on Twitter that the vote “does not change anything for the European Union“, which continues to have “only one interlocutor“.
But he warns: Madrid must favor “the strength of the argument and not the argument of force,” while the referendum of self-determination on October 1 had given rise to numerous police violence.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, traveling to Guyana with French President Emmanuel Macron, for his part, said it was a “Spanish-Spanish” debate. However, he does not want to see “the European Union of tomorrow composed of 95 states,” he also said.
A fear shared by Berlin who, by the voice of a spokeswoman for Chancellor Angela Merkel, said he observed ” the aggravation of the situation in Catalonia with concern “. And indicates that she “does not recognize such a declaration of independence“. “The sovereignty and territorial integrity of Spain are and remain inviolable (…), the government supports the clear position of the Spanish Prime Minister in his will to guarantee and restore the constitutional order,” said the spokesman for Angela Merkel.
In the same way, London announces that it ” does not recognize and will not recognize ” the unilateral declaration of independence of Catalonia. ” It is based on a vote that has been declared illegal by the Spanish courts. We continue to want to see the rule of law maintained, the Spanish Constitution respected, and unity preserved, “said a spokesman for the British government.
“I have an interlocutor in Spain, it is Prime Minister Rajoy,” said Emmanuel Macron, questioned about the situation in Guyana. In a statement, French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, in turn, declared that Paris did not recognize the declaration of independence adopted by the Catalan Parliament. “The Constitution of Spain must be respected. It is therefore within this framework, which is that of the rule of law, that the question of Catalonia must be considered,” he writes.
Europeans are afraid of fissures and seeing regions part, at a time when they would like to see the unity of Europe rebuilding itself after Brexit. They are not very favorable to the nationalist and separatist upsurges of the richest regions of the European Union. And recall that a region that leaves a state leaves the European Union.
Outside the EU, the United States also very quickly commented on the vote of the Catalan Parliament, calling for the maintenance of Spanish unity. “Catalonia is an integral part of Spain, and the United States supports the Spanish government’s constitutional measures to keep Spain strong and united,” the State Department said in a statement.